Oregon Department of Education
Peer Effects and Gender Differences in High School Graduation in Oregon  PDF 10/12/2015 (462.60 KB)
In 2013, Oregon had the lowest high school graduation rate of any state at 68.7%, with a significant gender gap in rates between boys and girls.1 This study explores the influence of peer effects on graduation probability and the individual characteristics that influence the gender gap in graduation outcomes for 9th graders entering high school. First, we look at the gender gap in graduation through various categories, such as a student's race, ethnicity and whether a student is economically disadvantaged. The study then assesses the significance of gender interactions with individual characteristics and the peer effect of the tenth grade graduation rate on the ninth grade graduation probability. We find that the peer effect has a small yet significant effect on a student’s probability of graduating, and gender gaps partially arose from interactions with Hispanic and 8th grade math scores.
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